Lingzhi or Reishi mushroom is a type of mushroom that has been used as a traditional medicine in Asian countries for 2000 years. Listed as the oldest herbal mushrooms in the world, mushrooms are believed to have many health benefits. Lingzhi is described as a difficult-to-cook mushroom that has a hard structure and a bitter taste. Lingzhi mushrooms are divided into two parts, namely the fruiting body and the mycelium. This part of the mycelium is usually used as herbal medicine.
Lingzhi contains carbohydrates, fats, fiber, and proteins. This mushroom, whose Latin name is Ganoderma lucidum, also contains bioactive molecules of polysaccharides, peptidoglycans, and triterpenoids.
Lingzhi is rich in fatty acids, amino acids, alkaloids, steroids, enzymes, triterpenoids, and polysaccharides. Triterpenoids and polysaccharides are compounds that contribute to the anti-cancer properties of Lingzhi mushrooms.
Several clinical research studies found that many cancer cells were killed by this fungus. Other studies have shown that the Lingzhi mushroom can reduce the number and size of tumors in the colon and prevent colon and prostate cancer.
- Lowers Blood Sugar and Fat Levels
According to research, compounds in lingzhi mushrooms are believed to lower blood sugar levels in the body.
- Boosts immunity
Another benefit of Lingzhi is that it stimulates the immune system. One study claimed that compounds in lingzhi mushrooms can increase white blood cell activity to help fight infection and disease.
- Fights Depression and Fatigue
Not only does it boost immunity, but consuming Lingzhi mushrooms is also believed to be able to relieve depression and fatigue and improve the quality of life in people suffering from certain diseases.
Study shows that there are several components in Lingzhi mushroom that are known to have anti-aging effects. These components are polysaccharides, triterpenes, peptides, and peptide polysaccharides. The antioxidant compounds contained in this mushroom are also able to protect the body’s cells from the effects of free radicals.
- Heart Health
Compounds that act as antioxidants in Ganoderma mushrooms may reduce the risk of narrowing of the arteries. Reishi extract also reduces damage to the cells lining blood vessels, reducing the risk of heart attack