Joint pain is pain and discomfort in the joints, which are tissues that form connections and help move bones between bones. This condition can be experienced by anyone, both young and old. Joint pain is common and is most commonly felt in the hands, feet, hips, knees, or spine. Pain can be constant or intermittent. The joint may feel stiff, achy, or sore at times
The joints themselves are an important part that can help the limbs move. If a person experiences pain in the joints, commonly known as arthralgia, it will certainly interfere with carrying out daily activities.
If damage occurs due to illness or injury, then the movement will be disturbed and cause a lot of pain.
The causes of joint pain vary widely. This can occur due to inflammation, injury, fractures, degenerative processes, impaired blood vessel supply, and others.
Here are some of the most common causes of joint pain:
Injuries are a common cause of joint pain. This condition can occur from excessive use or effort on a joint or from an impact that causes a fracture, sprain, or strain.
- Virus Infection
Some infections can cause joint pain such as hepatitis C virus (HCV). Thus, joint pain is very common for people with HCV to have associated rheumatic diseases, including pain in the joints.
In addition to the hepatitis C virus, the dengue hemorrhagic fever, chikungunya, or rubella virus can also suddenly attack all joints in the body, causing pain.
- Suffering from Lupus
Several diseases can cause joint pain, one of which is lupus. Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease, with common symptoms including muscle and joint pain.
Joint pain is an early symptom experienced by more than half of people with lupus. People develop lupus because their immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks normal, healthy tissue.
Arthritis or arthritis is another cause of joint pain. Nearly half of adults with arthritis report persistent joint pain.
Although there is no cure for pain, it can be managed to provide relief to the patient. Pain can sometimes be relieved by taking over-the-counter medication or performing simple daily exercises. Other times, pain may indicate a problem that can only be resolved through prescription medication or surgery.
- Simple at-home treatment
Applying a heating pad or ice to the affected area for short periods several times a day may be recommended. Bathing in a warm tub may also provide relief.
Exercise can assist in regaining strength and function. Walking, swimming or other forms of low-impact aerobic exercise are ideal. Those who engage in strenuous workouts or sports activities may need to reduce their participation or begin a low-impact workout routine. Gentle stretching exercises will also be beneficial.
- Weight loss
Weight loss may also be recommended if necessary to reduce joint strain.
- Topical methods of treatment
Ointments or gels that can be rubbed into the skin over the affected joint area, for example, may also help relieve pain. Some of these are available over the counter, while others require a prescription from a doctor.
Glucosamine, because it helps to keep joints and cartilage healthy.
Chondroitin protects cartilage from osteoarthritis.
Omega-3 fish oil supplements aid in the maintenance of the immune system and the reduction of inflammation in the body.
Vitamin D and calcium are essential for bone and joint health.